Emotional abuse is defined as emotional or psychological injury to the child as evidenced by a substantial change in behavior, emotional response or anxiety, depression, withdrawal, or aggressive behavior.
Emotional Neglect is defined as the failure of a parent to provide needed emotional attention, recognition, love, and emphatic response such that the child’s emotional health and development are threatened with harm.
Child Physical Abuse
Physical abuse is generally defined as any non-accidental injury to the child including striking, kicking, or biting the child, or any action that results in a physical impairment or harms the child’s health and welfare.
Physical Neglect is defined as the failure of a parent or other person with responsibility for the child to provide needed food, clothing, shelter, education, medical care, or supervision such that the child’s health, safety, and well-being are threatened with harm.
Child Sexual Abuse
Sexual abuse is defined as any act of a sexual nature which uses the child or the sexual gratification of the adult, including rape, molestation, prostitution, pornography or other form of sexual exploitation of children.
Drug Addicted or Alcoholic Family Member
Drug and alcoholic addiction of parents can negatively impact a child’s sense of safety, predictability, stability, normalcy, connectedness and attachment.
Incarceration of a Family Member
The experience of having any family member in jail can create substantial emotional issues, such as grief and loss, stigmatization, anxiety and depression.
Loss of a Parent to Death or Abandonment
Loss of a parent is the discontinuation of contact with a parent due to death, divorce, or abandonment. In some situations, this loss may lead to depression, anxiety or unresolved grief.
Mentally Ill, Depressed, or Suicidal Family Member
Growing up in a family dealing with mental health issues can cause confusion, fear, anxiety, stress, lack of attention, and concern regarding the child’s own emotional health.
Witnessing Domestic Violence Against Mother
Witnessing family violence creates significant emotional and psychological damage due to the high stress experienced by the child.